5 Finest Practices for Executing Pre- and Publish-Journey Inspections


This put up is a part of a sequence sponsored by IAT Insurance coverage Group.

When industrial drivers are pulled over for DOT roadside inspections, an under-inflated tire, a malfunctioning brake gentle or some other variety of gear failures may end up in assessed violations, fines and potential out-of-service-related downtime. Every certainly one of these can negatively affect a motor service’s DOT compliance report.

It’s estimated that out-of-service autos can price fleets a median of $850 to $1,000 per day. As well as, the failure to ship items on time may end up in buyer dissatisfaction and the attainable lack of income out of your buyer taking their enterprise elsewhere.

In a extra extreme state of affairs, a truck driver is concerned in an accident when the brakes malfunction. When the plaintiff’s lawyer finds out the driving force didn’t carry out a federally required pre-trip inspection that day, the repercussions develop.

The Federal Provider Security Administration (FMCSA) regulates pre- and post-trip inspections to be carried out by truck drivers on every journey.[1],[2] When industrial driver’s license (CDL) operators observe documented insurance policies and procedures in finishing these gear inspections, akin to utilizing the U.S. DOT’s pre- and post-trip guidelines,[3] these points can doubtlessly be averted. Sadly, many drivers fail achieve this.

Out of 59,000 roadside inspections carried out throughout a three-day highway security marketing campaign final yr, 14,428 violations had been issued for brake methods, tires, faulty service brakes, lights and cargo securement.[4]

Checking the packing containers to scale back violations

To considerably cut back the percentages of violations and to make sure gear is protected to function, these finest practices may also help fleets educate and inspire their drivers to carry out their required security checks every day.

  1. Carry out a twice-daily walk-around. When drivers make a behavior of strolling round their automobile twice a day, inspecting elements akin to tires, lights, brakes and the fifth wheel, any doubtlessly wanted repairs may be famous and addressed. That is additionally the proper alternative to fill out the Driver Automobile Inspection Report (DVIR).3

Think about using a pre-trip inspection app to make the inspections simpler for drivers. In lieu of a paper type, utilizing an digital eDVIR may also help streamline the method, encourage participation and cut back inspection time.

  1. Embrace pre- and post- journey inspection in your annual coaching and onboarding. Educate and/or assessment the step-by-step course of to finishing a correct gear inspection to your drivers and emphasize its significance. As well as, instruct them on easy methods to correctly doc that they’ve accomplished the inspection.

Emphasize the timeframe wanted to carry out a pre- or post-trip inspection. Guarantee drivers that their every day pre-trip inspection ought to take solely 10 minutes or quarter-hour on the most.

  1. Report your findings. When points are found in the course of the gear inspection course of, deal with the difficulty immediately. Proprietor-operators ought to prepare to right away repair their truck or trailer, and fleet drivers ought to be educated to tell managers instantly.

Doc and keep recordsdata on all gear that exhibits when inspections, service and repairs have been accomplished. Within the occasion of an accident, it’s key to make sure these recordsdata can be found.

  1. Pay attention to frequent violations. Generally often called the BLT’s of kit violations — brakes, lights and tires — fleets ought to instruct their drivers to be additional diligent in inspecting these areas, as they’re probably the most generally assessed gear violations. Along with inspecting their automobile, drivers should put together and signal a written report itemizing any defect or deficiency that might affect operational security or result in a mechanical breakdown of elements and equipment.

The next ought to be examined throughout every pre-1 and post-trip2 inspection, per the FMCSA:

  • Service brakes, together with trailer brake connections
  • Parking (hand) brake
  • Steering mechanism
  • Lighting gadgets and reflectors
  • Tires
  • Horn
  • Windshield wipers
  • Rear-vision mirrors
  • Coupling gadgets
  • Wheels and rims
  • Emergency gear
  1. Talk about how gear violations have an effect on the corporate. Inform your drivers that DOT violations result in further inspections, attainable lack of clients attributable to a poor DOT compliance report and will increase insurance coverage prices. Good gear inspections assist hold your drivers and the motoring public protected.


Have a query on easy methods to mitigate danger? E mail losscontroldirect@iatinsurance.com for an opportunity to see your query answered in a future weblog.

[1] FMCSA “6.3.4 Gear, Inspection, and Use (392.7-392.9),” Accessed March 21, 2023.

[2] Code of Federal Rules “396.11 driver automobile inspection report(s),” March 17, 2023.

[3] FMCSA “Driver’s Automobile Inspection Report,” Accessed March 21, 2023.

[4] Josh Fisher “Dangerous brakes, false logs had been most typical 2022 Roadcheck violations,” Sept. 14, 2022.

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